Profile of a Con Artist – Gambler – gambling jobs malta


Sociology is the abstraction of the amusing lives of humans, groups, and societies, sometimes authentic as the abstraction of amusing interactions. It is a almost new bookish conduct that acquired in the aboriginal 19th century. It apropos itself with the amusing rules and processes that bind and abstracted humans not abandoned as individuals, but as associates of associations, groups, and institutions.

The abstraction of abomination and why humans accomplish crimes is intriguing. It helps us to acquire acutely incomprehensible behaviour and the rational abaft the criminal’s actions. We acquire to attending aloft the obvious.

Criminals and deviants debris to reside by the rules that the majority of us follow. Yet animal affiliation is absolute by rules and norms. Our affiliation would collapse into anarchy if we did not stick to rules defining adequate from inappropriate behaviour in accurate contexts and amusing situations. We actualize rules just as we breach them. About abounding in our affiliation do not reside by these rules.

The American sociologist, Marshall Clinard, suggests that the appellation ‘deviance’ should be aloof for “those situations in which behaviour is in a banned administration and of a acceptable bulk to beat the altruism absolute of the community”. In agreement of Clinard’s definition, abomination and abomination are the a lot of accessible forms of deviance.

Most of us on some occasions breach about accustomed rules of behaviour. We may for example, acquire at some point committed accessory bent acts – like exceeded the acceleration absolute or smoked marijuana. Criminology apropos itself with forms of behaviour that are accustomed by bent law. We will aswell try to acquire why humans behave the way they do and we will absolute our absorption to amusing power. Application a case study, involving the contour of a criminal, we will try to bout the affairs accordant to this case with a abstract background. We acquire alleged a 45 year old male, who’s name we acquire change to Mark in adjustment to assure his identity. Allotment of our folklore assay consisted of interviewing and autograph a contour on a criminal. Through contacts, Mark came to our absorption and we absitively to address his contour due to his arresting action so far. He just concluded a nine ages break in a adopted bastille for cheating/conning a broker at a roulette table in a Spanish casino.

To conduct this interview, we able a abundant annual of questions for Mark – all of which he was accommodating to answer. We focused on his upbringing, peers, amusing academy and ambiance and the hotlink to allegorical interactionism/choice theory, cogwheel affiliation theory/social acknowledgment theory, amusing ascendancy access as able-bodied as bold the affiliation amid abomination and crime.

Before we move on to the case abstraction and the abstract approaches, we would like to accord you an assay of the apperception and chastity of the archetypal con man and what makes him tick. Although our case abstraction avalanche into the ‘typical con man’ bracket, there are some areas area Mark would not cilia as you shall see. Mark is accurate to type, acceptation he is abandoned absorbed in one blazon of crime.


The con artisan appearance in the ancient abstract and the articulate traditions that preceded it. Odysseus is one of the aboriginal con men whose exploits were in actuality accounting down (for cheating into Troy or bottomward able the Cyclops with cunning ruses). In his book, The Fabulous Accurate Story of the World’s Greatest Aplomb Artist, Richard Rayner explains “There is no folk heroes added ‘all American’ than con artists. Admitting we may aboveboard adjudge them, abysmal down we can’t advice but adore their acute compassionate of how to cull off a scam.

The acknowledged con artisan is about suave, smooth, smart, able and sophisticated. He doesn’t acquire to resort to abandon like a gangster. Con artists accede themselves to be the princes of the bent fraternity – a cut aloft the added abyss on the street. In fact, he does not accede himself to be a bent at all.

Confidence is the key for the acknowledged con man, because already you accretion people’s confidence, you can dispense them. In con artist’s abracadabra that accepting becomes a mark, aswell accustomed as a dupe.

It takes a appropriate affectionate of accepting to be a con man. It absolutely isn’t for everyone. It takes an even added abnormal accepting who can yield money from an enactment afterwards a ache of censor or a moment’s averseness or to con an aged aborigine out of her action savings. To psychiatrists, this affectionate of accepting is accustomed as a sociopath.

A acknowledged con artisan needs to be missing some cerebral attributes that the blow of us yield for granted. Censor is top of the list. There is no allowance for recriminations if ripping off a bank for example. He absolves himself of any albatross for crimes committed. The con artist’s mantra is “they had it coming”. In added words, it serves them right. Abounding in actuality argue themselves that it’s the person/establishment’s accountability that they got ripped off. If they hadn’t been so brainless afresh they would still be in ascendancy of their money.

The con artisan durably believes that the apple is disconnected into two: Those who are believing and those who are able abundant to yield advantage of a accustomed situation. The con man thinks this is the accustomed adjustment of things, the way of the world. This is how he rationalises abroad any twinges of censor he may feel about accessible marks.

Another appropriate of a con man is that he believes that anybody abroad in the apple is as amoral as himself; it’s just that they pretend to acquire behavior and he doesn’t. The con artist’s additional mantra is “do to them afore they do to you”. He has no absorption in basic allusive relationships or friendships as these are acceptable to adaptation his work.

“Hard plan is for fools” is the con artists third mantra.

Why should he diaphoresis and bondservant like some accustomed accepting if he could be active it up on simple street? Why pay taxes if you could be your own boss, raking in the banknote and active the top life? Ironically a acceptable con artisan displays abounding of the virtues he affects to abhor because a acknowledged con requires harder plan as able-bodied as gift, as we shall see in Mark’s case.

Finally, the best con artists absolutely adulation what they do. Proving that you are smarter, bluff and faster than the added guy gives the con man a adventure and provides absolutely a rush. Pulling a betray is like arena a bold – acceptable that bold affirms the con artist’s cocky angel as anyone who is a cut aloft the blow of the pack.


When we aboriginal met Mark, the consequence we got is that of a charming, affable and absorbing character. He is 45 years old, 6ft 2, weights 90 kgs, broad, hardly balding and attainable with a askew smile and affectionate eyes.

He was built-in in Sydney, Australia to Maltese parents and is the additional adolescent of three. He has an earlier sister and a adolescent brother. He lived in Australia for six years, afterwards which time, his ancestor was offered a job at a auberge as a concierge, and the able ancestors confused to Malta. Mark’s ancestor formed his way to acceptable a night administrator in the Hotel.

A collapsed in ***** was allotment of the job amalgamation and Mark abounding ***** Academy in ******where he learnt to allege Maltese. His parents were strict, religious, harder alive and law abiding. His mother was a abounding time housewife for whom her accouchement were a priority.

From the age of 7 to 14, Mark was an adapt boy and enjoyed the amusing and antic activities that were available. Accompany were of absolute accent to him. Although he was a ablaze boy at school, he tended to sit at the aback of the chic allowance and on several occasions got into agitation for smoking. The nuns acclimated to accompany him to the foreground of the chic but Mark started accident absorption day by day. He began to skive off academy a brace of canicule a anniversary in adjustment to accommodated up with his accompany and play/gamble on billiards and snooker amateur which gave him “a buzz”. Due to Mark’s aberrant nature, his absence from academy was disregarded as he would abduct money from ancestors associates to pay the chic prefect to adapt the register.

It was this point in Mark’s action that he was alien to gambling, that in about-face led to a bottomward circling and abomination followed. The priest in allegation of the adapt boys gave Mark an claiming to acquire amid arena basin and demography allotment in the social/sport activities of the church. Mark’s alienated attributes won over and he chose to leave the abbey activities.

Despite accepting anesthetized his academy exams to admission St Albert the Great, which was advised a abundant achievement, Mark banned to go. Instead he autonomous for a abstruse academy in adjustment to be with his friends. He connected to skive off school.

Life at home was a nightmare, not for Mark but for the blow of the family. His mother would generally break up smoker incessantly, cat-and-mouse for Mark to appear home, usually drunk. He was acceptable uncontrollable and the mother encouraged his ancestor to conduct Mark by hitting him. On one occasion, afterwards accepting appear home backward yet again, a big action ensued, which resulted in Mark putting his duke through a bottle aperture and accepting stitches in his appropriate hand. Mark could not sit for his exams and concluded up afterwards qualifications. Instead, he chose to do carpentry and excelled in this; about Mark is a accurate and due to the attributes of the job could not complete a accustomed assignment fast enough. He absitively he capital to accomplish some quick money and autonomous to go to Libya for nine months. He formed as a cleaner on a band site.

With banknote in hand, at twenty years of age, Mark bought his own abode in Gzira, was dating foreigners and frequented clubs like Dewdrops in Paceville, Club 47 and Ta’ Saveria. He enjoyed alert to Abba, the Bee Gees and all types of disco music. He approved to dress as best he could but admired to attending different, cutting ablaze coloured clothes and lots of gold jewellery. He acquainted afflictive blind about humans from Sliema, because they were too top chic for him, yet did not adore adorning with humans from assertive areas as he acquainted they were too rough. He went about with a boilerplate chic earlier army and with humans who he anticipation would advance his lifestyle, financially. His goals at this time were to reside a adequate simple action and to biking the world.

Mark still captivated adolescence acerbity for his earlier sister’s travels. She had been on assorted academy trips and cruises because she excelled at academy and for accessible affidavit he had absent these opportunities. In turn, he approved to get a job on a cruise liner to biking the apple and was angry down due to his abridgement of qualifications.

With no prospects, no friends, no adaptation and Lm70 to his name, Mark bought a one way admission to London to apprehend his dreams. He accustomed during the annual that he anticipation his action was like a cine and that he was acutely naïve.

On the flight to London, he sat next to a man alleged Charlie, who offered him adaptation in Southgate and alien him to Soho (the red ablaze commune in London). Accepting an actionable immigrant he did not acquire the aces of jobs. Mark formed as a attendant at a club in the West End, adorable humans to admission and watch pornographic movies. Aural a month, he busy a collapsed because he capital his independence. He aggregate the hire with a man who acclimated to abduct clothes from shops on a circadian abject and bare about to abundance them. He anon afflicted jobs and became a projectionist in the porn industry and afresh he was answer to cashier. He acceptable £15 per shift, but Mark’s aberrant attributes anon apparent that by watching and celebratory others and accepting alert he could acquire an added £70 per about-face by pocketing the admission fee.

He met an English dancer, Denise who formed for a arresting Soho club and he anachronous her for 1 ½ years. He managed to buy a collapsed but this was anon repossessed as he could not accumulate up the repayments. He absent his job and was arrested for touting. Anon afterwards his release, he met a accumulation of Italian men at a club. He had heard rumours about their adulterous affairs in casinos and was absorbed by the allure of simple money and accepted biking that went with this lifestyle. He was accustomed to accompany the Italian con men by “investing” money with the group. Through his affiliation with these people, Mark bound learnt the ropes and his aplomb grew. His appetite to bigger himself collection him to set up his own group. He able humans and fabricated constant they remained loyal by administration profits equally, clashing the Italians.

Mark consistently knew the risks complex yet chose to accompany this way of life. Bastille did not alarm him he anticipation it was annual accomplishing time for the affairs he was leading. Accurate to con artisan profiles, Mark did not accede himself to be a bent – he anticipation he could baffle the system; afterwards all, the casinos were ripping off their punters! In fact, he was appreciative of his fair affairs with the blow of the group, even admitting he puts in 75% of the work. So how would Mark cull off his scam? Mark explained assorted bank able announcement moves on American roulette tables. This included capping a bet assimilate an already apparent roulette champ by “ganking the marker”, bustling a dent on the stack, and afresh replacing the brand with slight of duke that makes David Blaine attending like Inspector Clouseau. It takes a actual aerial antithesis of brains, audacity and abridgement of greed. Alive how to cull a scam, if to do it and if not to amplify it. Mark studies the dealers just like he acclimated to beam his colleagues if he was a doorman, searching for signs of weakness afresh calm with his aggregation use slight of duke and aberration techniques to accomplish their move.

His aboriginal besom with the law was at the age of 22. He was bent conning a banker at a roulette table in Liverpool and concluded up spending a ages in bastille as able-bodied as paying a fine. A few years later, Mark got bent a additional time aggravating to con a roulette banker in Glasgow and spent a absolute of six months in a Glaswegian prison, four months for accepting apocryphal abstracts additional two months book for the bank scam. He was afresh abandoned to Australia, his country of birth. This did not avert Mark in any way. He fabricated his way aback to Malta, flew to Italy, got apocryphal appearance agenda and was aback in the UK ten canicule later. Back Italy was allotment of the E.U. a authorization was not bare to travel, abandoned an appearance card. At this date in his life, Mark had added audacity than the Vegas arid has un-marked graves.

Throughout, his action was to prove to himself that he could do the “trick” and beat the system. He abutting up with yet addition Italian man who was accustomed to be awful professional. By this time, Mark’s adherent larboard him as she did not like the changes she was seeing in Mark. He afflicted his dress sense, became added affable and accomplished. He developed a affection for Italian espressos and enjoyed dining in the finest restaurants. Accepting no one to tie him down, Mark travelled all over the world, realising a action continued dream. He was authoritative ample amounts of money, on boilerplate Lm7,000 per cruise with about 70 trips to America abandoned over a aeon of ten years. He aswell travelled to South America, The Caribbean, Portugal, Germany, Holland and Spain. He accustomed to us that he knew what he was accomplishing was amiss yet never acquainted guilty. He considers casinos bigger thieves than himself, although some humans may appearance that differently. He was affairs fast cars, paintings, a acreage in London, blockage at the best hotels, traveling on affluence cruises and even bought himself a plane. Mark claims that alcohol and drugs were never allotment of his arena but accustomed that it took a ample bulk of money to advance his new lifestyle.

Mark acquainted he was on par with his siblings, all travelling about the apple yet Mark’s apple was anon to crash. He alternate to Malta and started seeing three women at the aforementioned time. This was a aeon of abashing for Mark.

One of the women he was seeing got abundant and although Mark was abashed of commitment, he chock-full his adherent from accepting an abortion. He promised to break with her and see how things formed out. Mark affiliated the mother of his adolescent two years afterwards his son was born. His abject was in London, yet Mark bought a maisonette in ****** for his wife and son and approved to accumulate a low profile. He now had responsibility, he was a father. His wife had become acclimated to the affairs her bedmate provided and enjoyed travelling all over the apple and she never approved to stop him or to change his ways.

His third and final break in bastille was in the Canary Islands in 2004. Although Mark is a perfectionist, he bare to analysis out the bank laws in this country, bold they were the aforementioned as in Spain. This was not the case and Mark spent nine months in bastille for fraud, “eating debris and sleeping rough” as he put it. His wife visited him alert and one time took their son to see his dad.

Mark accustomed during the annual that he swore he would about-face his action about already he got out of bastille abnormally now that his son was growing older. Twenty three years in the ‘business’ had taken their toll. He was acceptable acquainted that things had to change. Action was anon to yield a about-face for the worse.

The con artisan begin himself accepting conned. Mark awash his acreage in London afterwards he was constant by a “friend” to advance in a computer aggregation which promised abundant returns. Afterwards a brace of months of raking in money from his new investment, he absitively to advance even added money in this new venture. His aim was to go legitimate. Mark concluded up accident aggregate to conmen who abolished with his money and ran away. Mark alternate to Malta. He fell into a abysmal depression. The action of casinos anon fell to the way ancillary – it was too abundant harder work, the abridgement was down and casinos upped their surveillance systems as they became wiser to con artists like Mark. He was annoyed of flying; his affection was no best in it and accustomed that bank cameras were consistently arrested above-mentioned to ample payouts. He has now angry his absorption to advance in acreage and wishes to accumulate abroad from the bank apple admitting his abridgement of finances. He told us that he afresh awash his even and is active off this income.

Mark told us that he never pulled a betray in Malta as he was too able-bodied accustomed yet if anyone asks Mark what he does for a active he has no botheration cogent them that he is a “gambler”. Afterwards all, he says with a smile, gamblers are losers.

His accepted accord with his parents is constant and Mark told us that he tries to acquire banquet with his parents a lot of Sundays but does not acquaint them if he is travelling as they ambition he is no best complex in the bank scene. He told us that he is abutting to his earlier sister and adolescent brother.

We asked Mark if he would anytime con an old woman out of her action accumulation and he assured us that this was not his scene. He accustomed that although it’s time to about-face his action about he would actively accede accomplishing a “Michael Jordan” and appear aback from retirement if something amazing happened in the bank world, such as the aperture of casinos in Miami Beach. The adventure of achievement will consistently be allotment of Mark even admitting the affliction of defeat is too abundant of a risk.


Con artists appear from assorted backgrounds. They may appear from a torn home or the a lot of constant and well-adjusted of families, just like Mark’s. They may acquire been afforded an accomplished apprenticeship or actual little. Such backgrounds according to Annette McGuire, columnist of Artifice Aid, do not set them apart. What sets them afar is the accustomed ability, generally apparent at a adolescent age, to dispense the humans about them. Mark accepted this if he managed to get abroad with his absenteeism.

Family action can be a almighty force in a child’s development; about added factors may contribute. In his contempo General Access of Abomination and Abomination (GTCD), sociologist Robert Agnew states that “Family relationships, plan experiences, academy achievement and associate relations admission crime”. Although Mark had a constant ancestors life, his bare educational opportunities, associate relations and the disability to accomplish accepted success, contributed to his situation.

Instead of ancestors influence, analyst Judith Harris claims that analysis and ambiance determine, to a ample extent, how a adolescent turns out.

Children’s own attitude and associate relations appearance their behaviour and adapt the characteristics they were built-in with; their interpersonal relations actuate the affectionate of humans they will be if they mature. Judith R Harris 1998:211

As we acquire apparent in Mark’s profile, this is actual abundant the case. His aeon as able-bodied as his interpersonal relations if he confused to London bent the affectionate of accepting he angry out to be. Although Mark’s adolescence was ideal for acceptable a able con man, the anticipation never occurred to him afore it in actuality happened.


Why is alive chic abomination added accepted than white-collar crime?

Merton explained aberancy application Durkheim’s abstraction of anomie. He saw aberancy as acquired by individuals accepting clumsy to accomplish society’s goals application accepted means. He argued that lower amusing classes had bound admission to accepted agency so were added acceptable to be deviant. Mark could not attain his goals through authoritative money in a accepted way back he had no abilities and no job prospects. He tried, by accepting a job as a aide or a cleaner but Mark capital more…

The amusing acquirements access or the cogwheel affiliation access proposed by Edwin H. Sutherland states that behaviour is modelled through observation, either anon through affectionate acquaintance with others or alongside through media. According to Sutherland, bent behaviour is learnt through affiliation with others who consistently appoint in crime. The abstraction is actual simple. In a affiliation that contains a array of subcultures, some amusing environments tend to animate actionable activities admitting others do not. Sutherland maintains that bent behaviour is learnt in primary groups, decidedly in associate groups as was the case with Mark. Bent activities acquire been learnt in actual abundant the aforementioned way as law constant ones could acquire been learnt. Thieves are just like humans in accepted jobs in aggravating to accomplish money, abandoned they acquire actionable agency of accomplishing so. Mark capital to get on in the apple and “live the top life”. He chose to accomplish his money illegally and accurate to the con artist’s contour absolutely admired what he did.

People act based on allegorical meanings they acquisition aural any accustomed situation. We tend to collaborate with symbols basic relationships about them. Its roots are begin in allegorical alternation access of sociologists Charles Horton Cooley and George Herbert Mead. Allegorical alternation access holds that humans acquaint via symbols. Humans adapt allegorical gestures from others and absorb them in their self-image. Symbols are acclimated to let humans apperceive how able-bodied they are accomplishing as in the case of Mark’s sister travelling about the apple and him catastrophe up owning his own clandestine plane. How humans appearance absoluteness depends on the agreeable of the letters and situations they encounter, the abstract estimation of these interactions, and how they appearance approaching behaviour.

Social acknowledgment theory, frequently alleged labelling access explains the way affiliation reacts to individuals and the way alone acknowledge to society. Alternation and estimation are beheld as important concepts by the amusing acknowledgment theorists. Accepting stigmatized or labelled by official institutions such as the badge as able-bodied as by actionable institutions, such as parents and neighbours is what sustains behind and bent behaviours. Labels advice ascertain not just one affection but the able person. Mark’s ancestors including his mother consistently labelled him as “stupid, apathetic and a agitation maker” and he acquainted the aftereffect of this labelling. This was aswell reflected in his aggressive behaviour.

The amusing ascendancy access maintains that anybody has the abeyant to become a bent and breach the law and that avant-garde affiliation presents opportunities for actionable activity. In Mark’s case, it was socialization with the amiss army not so abundant the amusing structure, which bent life’s choices. In adjustment for this abeyant not to be realized, a accepting acquire to acquire amusing controls to burden from administering any anti-social activity. In Mark’s case, his parents had no abstraction he was absence academy as he acclimated to pay off the chic captain with baseborn money to adapt the academy register.

We acquire apparent three aspects of the amusing action access to animal behaviour. The amusing acquirements theory, which suggests that humans apprentice the techniques and attitudes of abomination from abutting and affectionate relationships with bent aeon – that abomination is a learnt behaviour. It is affected that humans are built-in acceptable and apprentice to be bad. The second, the amusing acknowledgment access or labelling theory, which says humans become abyss if associates of affiliation characterization them as such and they afresh acquire these labels as allotment of their identity, in added words, whether acceptable or bad, in some ways, humans are controlled by the acknowledgment of others. The third aspect, the amusing ascendancy theory, maintains that anybody has the abeyant to become a bent but that a lot of humans are controlled by their bonds to society. This access assumes that humans are built-in bad and acquire to be controlled in adjustment to be good. All three theories abatement beneath the amusing action approach. In our assessment all three theories had a role to play in Mark’s case.

According to the rational best approach, law breaking behaviour occurs if an blackmailer decides to accident breaking the law afterwards demography into annual both claimed factors such as the charge for money, thrills etc and situational factors, how able-bodied a abode is protected, ability in aegis etc. Afore allotment to accomplish a crime, Mark and his aggregation would appraise the accident of apprehension, the calmness of abuse and their charge for bent gain.


We should never belittle the addition of adolescent humans in our society. The amusing institutions, afterwards even alive bootless Mark. If stricter measures were in place, Mark’s absence would not acquire gone unnoticed. As a result, he absent absorption in academy even admitting he was an able apprentice and bootless to get his qualifications. He absolutely believed that the abandoned way to “get a section of the pie” was through actionable means.

As we acquire seen, abyss are humans who allotment the aforementioned ambitions as accepted citizens but acquire absitively to cut corners and use actionable agency to accomplish their goals. Mark chose an actionable aisle to access the goals that ability contrarily acquire been out of reach.

According to Gottfreson and Hirschi, a amount of claimed factors action humans to acquire crime. Among the added important factors are bread-and-butter opportunity, acquirements and acquaintance and ability of bent techniques. (A General Access of Crime,1990).

Although we saw how Mark is angrily fatigued to a scam, his career as a bent may acquire accomplished its limitations. Experienced abyss like Mark may about-face from a action of abomination if they advance a acceptance that the accident of abomination is greater than its abeyant profit.